Compilation of Storm Surge Occurrences in the Philippines

Project NOAH Storm Surge Component (a,b)

(a) Nationwide Operational Assessment of Hazards, Department of Science and Technology, Philippines
(b) National Institute of Geological Sciences, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City

Storm Surge Timeline Infographic

The Philippines lies in the busiest typhoon belt in the world- Western Pacific basin and experiences an average of 20 typhoons a year. Typhoons and monsoons often bring disasters such as flooding and landslides. Recently, Super Typhoon Yolanda (International name: Haiyan), one of the strongest to make landfall in recorded history, hit the Philippines and caused thousands of casualties and significant amounts of damage. Tacloban, Leyte suffered some of the worst damages and the most number of casualties brought about by another hazard, storm surge.  Storm surge is an abnormal rise of sea level resulting from strong winds pushing water towards the shore (NOAA, 2013).  This can cause severe destruction and damage in its surrounding areas.

Several storm surge events were recorded in Philippine history prior to Super Typhoon Yolanda.  Archived newspaper clippings and journals provide reports on storm surge occurrences and damages experienced as early as in the 1950’s. The storm Surge Hazard Mapping component of the Project NOAH compiled these reports and created a timeline summarizing all recorded storm surge disturbances in the Philippines.

 

Storm Surges in the Philippines

No.

Source no.

Date of Occurrence

Associated Tropical Cyclone

Surge Height (m)

Affected Areas

Casualties

Damage

1

27

June 29, 1589

Unnamed typhoon

Manila Bay

2

27

August 29, 1863

Unnamed typhoon

Manila

Destroyed Bagumbayan drive due to inundation; several houses were unroofed

3

27

September 20 – 26, 1867

Unnamed typhoon

Manila Bay

17 ships were tossed onto Santa Lucia and Tondo shores

4

27

November 3, 1870

Unnamed typhoon

East of the fort in Legaspi

Destroyed rice fields and made roads impassable in Albay and Camarines Sur

5

27

March 25 – 29, 1871

Unnamed typhoon

Calbiga, Samar

6

October 5, 1871

Unnamed typhoon

2.4

Lingayen and port of Aparri

Destroyed several vessels and 109 houses

7

27

October 25,1873

Unnamed typhoon

0.6

Cavite

8

2

September 21 – October 6, 1881

Unnamed typhoon

Southern and central Luzon

more than 20,000

9

2, 20, 31

October 12,  1897

Hurricane Wave

0.4 to 7.3

Tanauan, Pambujan, Guiuan, Basey, Tacloban, Eastern Samar, Hernani and Tanglad Samar

1,300 to 1,500

Destroyed churches and communities in Samar and Leyte

10

27

April 19 – 30 1905

Unnamed typhoon

Eastern Carolines, north of Catanduanes, central Luzon

11

20

October 11 -13, 1908

Unnamed typhoon

2 to 4

Aparri, Cagayan

22

Completely destroyed Barrio Tarol

12

27

October 26 – November 1 , 1909

Unnamed typhoon

SSW of Palau, Mindanao, north of Davao, Cotabato, south of Dapitan, southern part of Paragua

13

20

October 12 – 15, 1912

Unnamed typhoon

4.6 to 9.1

Leyte and Cebu

14

33

November 26, 1912

Unnamed typhoon

Tacloban and Capiz

15,000

15

4

May 11, 1913

Unnamed typhoon

5

Province of Mayon

827

16

27

November 10 – 23, 1923

Unnamed typhoon

Western Carolines, N of Yap, Borongan, Samar, NE of Romblon, E of Manila, Eastern coast of Luzon, Lingayen Gulf, Balintang Channel

17

4

May 27, 1929

Unnamed typhoon

Southern island of Leyte

119

18

3

December 10, 1951

Typhoon Amy

Northwestern coastline of Negros Occidental from Bago up to Saravia

991

PhP 0.7B

19

4

June 27 – 28, 1960

Typhoon Olive

3

Northern island of Luzon

20

20

July 21 – 28, 1968

Typhoon Didang (Nadine)

9.1

Barrio Sulvec, Narvacan, Ilocos Sur

21

4

October 14 – 15, 1970

Typhoon Sening (Kate)

4

12 provinces on the north islands of Mindanao and Luzon

583

51,000 buildings

22

4

November 19, 1970

Typhoon Yoling (Patsy)

4

Manila Bay, southeast coast of Luzon

Destroyed $40M property; sank 21 fishing boats near the North Harbor

23

46

October 2 – 9, 1971

Typhoon Barang (Elaine)

Central Philippines

24

47, 48

June 23 – 25, 1972

Typhoon Konsing (Ora)

Manila Bay and Bicol region

1

Several ships washed ashore

25

20

January 24, 1975

Typhoon Auring (Lola)

2.4

Surigao del Sur

40

PhP16.6M damages, 108 houses and 15 units of school buildings destroyed

26

14

November 22 – 27, 1981

Typhoon Anding (Irma)

4.4 to 8.4

Camarines Sur  and Digisit, Baler

189

PhP 150M damage in infrastructure; PhP30M in crops, livestock and agriculture; 16,400 houses

27

16,22

August 27, 1982

Typhoon Norming (Faye)

Isla Verde Island, Davao City

29

28 houses were hit by big waves

28

4

July 2, 1983

Typhoon Bebeng (Vera)

4

Bataan and least 10 villages on Manila Bay’s western banks

182

49,000 houses

29

4,23

September 2, 1984

Typhoon Nitang (Ike)

5

the southern and central islands of the Philippines, Negros Island

1400, 59

100,000 buildings

30

4,17,22

June 22, 1985

Typhoon Kuring (Hal)

5

Brgy. Pagudpud, Ilocos Norte

53

50 houses were destroyed by tidal wave

31

18,22

October 20, 1985

Typhoon Saling (Dot)

Infanta, Quezon

88

14 houses damaged by tidal wave

32

19

July 12, 1987

Typhoon Katring (Thelma)

Southern islands of the Philippines

1

500 houses

33

3, 28

November 25, 1987

Super Typhoon Sisang  (Nina)

Eastern city of Legazpi

979

PhP 1.119B

34

12,22

November 10 – 14, 1990

Super Typhoon Ruping (Mike)

2 to 3

Carmen, Cebu City

508

PhP 10.8460B

35

3

October 4, 1993

Typhoon Kadiang (Flo)

boundary of Isabela and Aurora

576

PhP 8.752 B

36

3

November 3, 1995

Super Typhoon Rosing (Angela)

Quezon coastline

936

PhP 10.829B

37

21

September 15 – 21, 1998

Typhoon Gading (Vicki)

1.06 to 1.58

Bonoan, San Fabian, Dagupan

107

PhP3.08M

38

3, 20

October 22, 1998

Super Typhoon Loleng (Babs)

3.40 to 3.44

Daet, Camarines Norte and Calauag, Quezon

303

PhP 6.787B

39

21

May 25 – 28, 2003

Tropical Storm Che-Deng (Linfa)

0.8 to 1

Pangasinan, Dagupan-Lingayen and Mangaldan Town Proper

44

PhP538,000.00

40

10

May 16, 2004

Typhoon Dindo (Nida)

Gigmoto, Catanduanes

70 households and private motorized bancas

41

1

June 21, 2008

Typhoon Frank (Fengshen)

Panay and Boracay Island

938

PhP 13.321B

42

1

October 3, 2009

Typhoon Pepeng (Parma)

Cagayan Valley and the Cordilleras

492

PhP 27.195B

43

32

October 19, 2010

Typhoon Juan (Megi)

3

Coastal areas of La Union and Ilocos Sur

Destroyed 160 fishcages in two barangays of Candon City , Patpata Primero and Patpata Segundo

44

29, 30

September 26 – 28, 2011

Typhoon Pedring (Nesat)

6

Coastal areas of Manila Bay, Brgys San Rafael 3 and 4, Cavite, Brgy. Pasungol, Santa, Ilocos Sur, and Sta Rita Aplaya, Batangas City

12

Damaged the breakwater and seawall along Roxas Boulevard

45

6

October 1, 2011

Typhoon Quiel (Nalgae)

Barangays Tabuculan, Pasungol, and Bucalag of
Santa, Ilocos Sur

1

46

34, 35

June 12, 2012

Typhoon Butchoy (Guchol)

9.1

Sarangani, Samar and Surigao

2

47

9

July 3, 2012

Typhoon Dindo (Doksuri)

Santa, Ilocos Sur

PhP 6.9M damage to infrastructure and agri-fishery products

48

11

July 30 – 31, 2012

Typhoon Gener (Saola)

Zamboanga del Norte, Ternate, Cavite, Bulan, Sorsogon, and Sitio Tinago, Brgy.
Tibpuan, Lebak Sultan Kudarat

214 houses

49

7

September 25, 2012

Typhoon Lawin (Jelawat)

Labason, Zamboanga del Norte

13 houses

50

5

October 3 and 5,  2012

Tropical Storm Marce (Gaemi)

Coastal areas of Brgy. San Miguel, San Antonio, Zambales and Calintaan, Occidental Mindoro

51 houses

51

13

December 4, 2012

Typhoon Pablo (Bopha)

6

Coastal areas of Cateel, Boston and Bangaga in Mindanao

1,000

52

36,37

December 26, 2012

Typhoon Quinta (Wukong)

Cebu, Borongan City and  Merida, Leyte

2

53

24

August 11 – 12, 2013

Typhoon Labuyo (Utor)

San Fabian and Sorsogon

4 houses

54

25,26

August 22, 2013

Typhoon Maring (Trami)

Brgy. Mabolo, Naic, Cavite and Molo District, Iloilo

14 houses

55

38, 39

September 19 and 21, 2013

Typhoon Odette (Usagi)

Aurora province and Barangays Tubil and Sabangan in Caramoran, Catanduanes

2

56

40

October 11, 2013

Typhoon Santi (Nari)

Manila Bay

57

41, 42, 43, 44, 45

November 8, 2013

Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan)

3  to 10

Leyte, Samar, Masbate, Camarines Sur, Catanduanes, Bohol, Cebu, Albay, Legazpi City, Capiz, Iloilo, Bacolod City, coastal area in Laguna de Bay, Romblon, Davao Oriental and Quezon provinces

More than 5,000

PhP 24.539B

Sources:

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  11. NDRRMC Update: SitRep No.20 re Effects of Typhoon “GENER” (SAOLA) Enhanced by Southwest Monsoon. August 6, 2012 National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council
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  13. UN Dispatch (4 January 2013), Typhoon Bopha One Month Later. Retrieved 5 January 2013 from http://www.undispatch.com/typhoon-bopha-one-month-later-video
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  16. Norming leaves; 20 die, many hurt. Bulletin Today. 28 Aug. 1982
  17. Marcia C. Rodriguez. More deaths,damage bared. Bulletin Today. Vol 152 No. 26. 26 June 1985
  18. F.T. Flores. Typhoon toll rises to 53. Bulletin Today. Vol 156 No. 21. 21 Oct. 1985.
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  22. Destructive typhoons 1970-2003. National Disaster Coordinating Council Office of Civil Defense Operations Center. http://baseportal.com/cgi-bin/baseportal.pl?htx=/miso/typhoons&range=20,20
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  24. NDRRMC Update re Effects of Typhoon “LABUYO” (UTOR). 2013. http://www.ndrrmc.gov.ph/attachments/article/1073/doc01537820130818080057.pdf
  25. Chino Gaston. Ilang bahay,winasak ng storm surge. August 22, 2013. 24 Oras. GMA.video. http://www.gmanetwork.com
  26. Jaime Sinapit. Storm surge hurts 3, damages 8 houses in Iloilo City. August 22, 2013. Interaksyon. http://www.interaksyon.com/
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  28. Typhoon Haiyan: Four dead, one missing as Philippines pummelled by super storm. News Limited. 9 November 2013. http://www.news.com.au/world/typhoon-haiyan-at-least-three-dead-as-philippines-pummeled-by-super-tyhoon/story-fndir2ev-1226756096237
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  31. Raphael Lotilla. Flashback: 1897, Leyte and a strong typhoon. Rappler. 20 November 2013. http://www.rappler.com/move-ph/issues/disasters/typhoon-yolanda/44062-leyte-1897-typhoon
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  33. The Washington herald. (Washington, D.C.), 30 Nov. 1912. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045433/1912-11-30/ed-1/seq-1/
  34. Aquiles Z. Zonio and Joey A. Gabieta. ‘Butchoy’ now typhoon; 40 missing. Philippine Daily Inquirer. 17 June 2012. http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/213827/butchoy-now-typhoon-40-missing
  35. Danilo E. Doguiles. 37 missing, 765 families affected in Sarangani flood. Philippine Information Agency. 15 June 2012. http://news.pia.gov.ph/index.php?article=1611339723889#sthash.oqAICqtd.dpuf
  36. Ralph Joel. ‘Quinta’ causes storm surge in Cebu. GMA News Online. 26 December 2012. http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/photo/29969/quinta-causes-storm-surge-in-cebu
  37. Sarwell Q. Meniano. Storm Quinta left 5 dead in EV. Leyte Samar Daily Express. 2 January 2013. http://leytesamardaily.net/2013/01/storm-quinta-left-5-dead-in-ev/
  38. NDRRMC Update: SitRep No.09 re Effects of Typhoon”ODETTE” (USAGI). 23 September 2013. National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council. http://www.ndrrmc.gov.ph/attachments/article/1091/Update%20Sitrep%20No.9%20re%20Effects%20of%20TY%20ODETTE%20as%20Enhanced%20by%20Southwest%20Monsoon%2020%20Sep%202013,%206PM.pdf
  39. Jess Malabanan. Police launches search for missing Aurora fishermen. Central Luzon Daily. 25 September 2013. http://www.centralluzondaily.net/police-launches-search-for-missing-aurora-fishermen/
  40. Mark Balmores. Man Against Nature. Manila Bulletin. 12 October 2013. http://www.mb.com.ph/man-against-nature/
  41. NDRRMC Update: SitRep No.44 re Effects of Typhoon”YOLANDA” (HAIYAN). 27 November 2013. National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council. http://www.ndrrmc.gov.ph/attachments/article/1125/updatesitrep44.pdf
  42. Oliver Teves. Philippines Typhoon Death Toll Rises Above 5,000. The Huffington Post. 22 November 2013. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/11/22/philippines-typhoon_n_4322763.html
  43. Maricar Cinco, Jofel Lancion, Mar Arguelles, Romulo Ponte, Fernan Gianan, Shiena Barrameda, Delfin T. Mallari Jr., Madonna Virola, Greg Refraccion and Carmela Reyes-Estrope and Yolanda Sotelo. Storm surges swell evacuees in Southern Luzon. Philippine Daily Inquirer. 9 November 2013. http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/523653/storm-surges-swell-evacuees-in-southern-luzon
  44. Ana-LIza S. Macatangay. Storm surge wipes out houses in coastal towns. Philippine Information Agency. 9 November 2013. http://news.pia.gov.ph/index.php?article=861383984296
  45. Mahigit 35 bahay nasira ng storm surge na dulot ng bagyong Yolanda. Philippine Information Agency. 9 November 2013. http://news.pia.gov.ph/index.php?article=841384009936
  46. Faye Henderson. Tropical Cyclone Disasters in the Philippines: A Listing of Major Typhoons by Month Through 1979. The Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance Agency for International Development Washington, D.C. 20523. http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNAAY550.pdf
  47. Buckmaster, Albert T. and Nishimoto, Hiroshi. 1972 Annual Typhoon Report. U.S. Fleet Weather Central/Joint Typhoon Warning Center. 1 January 1995.
  48. Kelvin S. Rodolfo. Why reclamation of nearshore Manila Bay is a very bad idea. The Philippine Star. 3 October 2013. http://www.philstar.com/science-and-technology/2013/10/03/1240670/why-reclamation-nearshore-manila-bay-very-bad-idea
  49. NOAA. Storm Surge Overview. National Hurricane Center. 3 June 2013. Http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/surge

3 thoughts on “Compilation of Storm Surge Occurrences in the Philippines

  1. Hello, Project NOAH. I just dropped by to say thank you for compiling and organizing these data. It helps us researchers and educators in a great way. Salamat po ulit. 🙂

  2. Thanks a lot to all people behind Project Noah. This means a lot to everyone especially working on Disaster Preparedness Risk Reduction and Mitigation.

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